The Kentucky Oaks: Race History & Key Facts

  • Location: Churchill Downs
  • Inaugural Race: 1875
  • Distance: 1 & 1/8 miles (9 furlongs)
  • Track Type: Left-Handed Dirt
  • Age Qualifications: Three-year-old Fillies
  • 2015 Purse: $1 million
Photo of the race track at Churchill Downs, where the Kentucky Oaks is run every year

Video of the 2014 Kentucky Oaks

Check out footage of the most recent running of the Kentucky Oaks, with jockey Rosie Napravnik riding Untapable to a first place finish!


A Brief History of the Kentucky Oaks

The Kentucky Oaks race is hosted annually in Louisville, Kentucky at Churchill Downs. The race dates back to 1875 when it was founded by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., who also founded the Kentucky Derby, the Clark Handicap and the Falls City Handicap. The Kentucky Oaks is considered to be one of the most popular Thoroughbred horse races in the United States, behind only to the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes. Spectator attendance on “Oaks Day” is approximately 100,000 surpassing that of the Belmont Stakes and the Breeders’ Cup.

Both the Kentucky Oaks and the Kentucky Derby have been held at Churchill Downs since they were established and remain the oldest continuously run sporting events in American history. Each year, the Kentucky Oaks takes place the Friday before the Kentucky Derby.

Originally the Grade 1 stakes race was run at 1 & 1/2 miles. It maintained this distance until 1891 when it was changed to 1 & 1/4 miles. From 1896 on-words the race experienced a number of changes from 1 & 1/16 miles, to 1 & 1/8 miles and back again. In 1982 the race was set at 1 & 1/8 miles and has remained that distance since.

The Kentucky Oaks is a counterpart to the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, alongside the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes and the Acorn Stakes.

Notable entries of The Kentucky Oaks include Rachel Alexandra, Silverbulletday, Davona Dale and Dark Mirage.

 

 


Kentucky Oaks – Race Records

Scroll over any box below to view the historical records for the Kentucky Oaks:

Speed record

1.48.64
Bird Town – 2003

Most Wins by a Jockey

4
Eddie Arcaro (1951, 1952, 1953, 1958) & Manuel Ycaza (1959, 1960, 1963, 1968)

Most Wins by a Trainer

5
Woody Stephens (1959, 1960, 1963, 1978, 1981)

Most Wins by an Owner

6
Calumet Farm (1943, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1979)

Historical Results for the Kentucky Oaks

The Kentucky Oaks has featured dozens of notable entries and winners. In the table below, view a record of the past winners, including trainers, thoroughbreds, jockeys, and times for every Kentucky Oaks race.

YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwner
2014UntapableRosie NapravnikSteve AsmussenWinchell Thoroughbreds
2013Princess of SylmarMike E. SmithTodd PletcherKing of Prussia Stables
2012Believe You CanRosie NapravnikJ. Larry JonesBrereton C. Jones
2011Plum PrettyMartin GarciaBob BaffertPeachtree Stable
2010Blind LuckRafael BejaranoJerry HollendorferHollendorfer/DeDomenico/Carver
2009Rachel AlexandraCalvin BorelHal R. WigginsD. Morrison/M. Lauffer
2008Proud SpellGabriel SaezJ. Larry JonesBrereton C. Jones
2007Rags to RichesGarrett GomezTodd Pletcher
2006Lemons ForeverMark GuidryDallas StewartL. Willis/T. Horton/Stewart
2005SummerlyJerry BaileySteve AsmussenWinchell Thoroughbreds
2004AshadoJohn VelazquezTodd PletcherStarlight Stables et al.
2003Bird TownEdgar PradoNick ZitoMarylou Whitney Stables
2002Farda AmigaChris McCarronPaulo LoboJ. De Camargo et al.
2001FluteJerry BaileyRobert J. FrankelJuddmonte Farms
2000Secret StatusPat DayNeil J. Howard
1999SilverbulletdayGary StevensBob BaffertMichael E. Pegram
1998Keeper HillDavid R. FloresRobert J. FrankelJohn A. Chandler
1997Blushing K.D.Lonnie MecheSam David, Jr.James and Sue Burns
1996Pike Place DancerCorey NakataniJerry HollendorferJ. Hollendorfer/G. Todaro
1995Gal In A RuckusHerb McCauleyJohn T. Ward, Jr.John C. Oxley
1994SardulaEd DelahoussayeBrian A. MayberryAnn and Jerry Moss
1993DisputeJerry BaileyC. R. McGaughey IIIOgden Mills Phipps
1992Luv Me Luv Me NotFabio Arguello, Jr.Glenn WismerPhilip Maas
1991Lite LightCorey NakataniJerry HollendorferOaktown Stable
1990Seaside AttractionChris McCarronD. Wayne LukasOverbrook Farm
1989Open MindAngel Cordero, Jr.D. Wayne LukasEugene V. Klein
1988Goodbye HaloPat DayCharlie WhittinghamHancock III/A. Campbell, Jr.
1987BuryyourbeliefJose A. SantosLaz BarreraD. S. Bray, Jr.
1986Tiffany LassGary StevensLaz BarreraAaron U. Jones
1985Fran's ValentinePat ValenzuelaJoseph ManziEarl Scheib
1984Lucky Lucky LuckyAngel Cordero, Jr.D. Wayne LukasLeslie Combs II/Equites St.
1983Princess RooneyJacinto VasquezNeil D. DrysdalePaula J. Tucker
1982Blush With PrideBill ShoemakerD. Wayne LukasStonereath Farms
1981Heavenly CauseLaffit Pincay, Jr.Woody StephensRyehill Farm
1980Bold 'n DeterminedEd DelahoussayeNeil DrysdaleSaron Stable
1979Davona DaleJorge VelasquezJohn M. VeitchCalumet Farm
1978White Star LineEddie MapleWoody StephensNewstead Farm
1977Sweet AllianceChris McCarronBud DelpWindfields Farm
1976Optimistic GalBraulio BaezaLeRoy JolleyDiana M. Firestone
1975Sun and SnowGarth PattersonGeorge T. PooleC. V. Whitney Stables
1974Quaze QuiltWilliam GavidiaThomas W. KelleyFred W. Hooper
1973Bag of TunesDanny GarganGeorge T. PooleC. V. Whitney Stables
1972Susan's GirlVictor TejadaJohn W. RussellFred W. Hooper
1971Silent BeautyKenny KnappR. I. FischerLeslie Combs ?
1970Lady Vi-EDavid WhitedJohn OxleyA. H. and A. M. Stall
1969Hail to PatsyDavid KassenLoyd Gentry, Jr.Walter Kitchen
1968Dark MirageManuel YcazaEverett W. KingLloyd I. Miller
1967Nancy Jr.Johnny SellersStanley M. RieserHidden Valley Farm
1966Native StreetDon BrumfieldLes LearAisco Stable
1965AmerivanRon TurcotteMary D. KeimMary D. Keim
1964Blue NortherBill ShoemakerWally DunnMrs. William R. Hawn
1963Sally ShipManuel YcazaWoody StephensCain Hoy Stable
1962CicadaBill ShoemakerCasey HayesMeadow Stable
1961My PortraitBraulio BaezaChuck R. ParkeFred W. Hooper
1960Make SailManuel YcazaWoody StephensCain Hoy Stable
1959WedlockJohn L. RotzPaul ShawhanPaul Shawhan
1959Hidden TalentManuel YcazaWoody StephensCain Hoy Stable
1958Bug BrushEddie ArcaroSylvester VeitchC. V. Whitney Stables
1957Lori-ElLois C. CookMike R. SotoAl Berke and M. R. Soto
1956Princess TuriaBill HartackHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm
1955LalunHenry MorenoLoyd Gentry, Jr.Cain Hoy Stable
1954FascinatorAnthony DeSpiritoEdward A. NeloyMaine Chance Farm
1953BubbleyEddie ArcaroHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm
1952Real DelightEddie ArcaroHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm
1951HowEddie ArcaroHoratio LuroHerman B. Delman
1950Ari's MonaWilliam BolandJohn C. HauerJohn C. Hauer
1949WistfulGordon GlissonBen A. JonesCalumet Farm
1948Challe AnneWillie GarnerW. U. RidenourF. L. Flanders
1947Blue GrassJohnny LongdenWillie CrumpArthur B. Hancock, Jr.
1946First PageJames R. LaytonC. A. BidencopeH. G. Jones
1945Come and GoCharles L. MartinJ. Price SalleeThomas Piatt
1944CaninaJohn H. AdamsFrank E. ChildsAbe Hirschberg
1943Nellie L.Wendell EadsBen A. JonesCalumet Farm
1942Miss DogwoodJohn H. AdamsJohn M. GoodeBrownell Combs
1941Valdina MythGeorge KingJohn J. FlaniganValdina Farms
1940InscolassieBobby VedderRoss O. HigdonWoolford Farm
1939Flying LillCarroll BiermanClifford PorterMrs. C. H. Cleary
1938Flying LeeLeon HaasDuval A. HeadleyHal Price Headley
1937Mars ShieldAlfred RobertsonRobert McGarveyEthel V. Mars
1936Two BobRaymond WorkmanJames W. HealyC. V. Whitney Stables
1935ParadisicalGlenn FowlerAl MillerIsaac J. Collins
1934FijiGilbert ElstonT. B. YoungYoung Bros.
1933Barn SwallowDon MeadeHerbert J. ThompsonEdward R. Bradley
1932SunticaAnthony PascumaJack WhyteWillis Sharpe Kilmer
1931Cousin JoEugene JamesWilliam ReedCharles Nuckols
1930AlcibiadesRobert FinnertyWalter W. TaylorHal Price Headley
1929Rose of SharonWillie CrumpDan E. StewartJohnson N. Camden, Jr.
1928Easter StockingsWillie CrumpKay SpenceAudley Farm Stable
1927Mary JaneDanny ConnellyS. S. CombsGallaher and Combs
1926Black MariaArthur MortensenWilliam H. KarrickWilliam R. Coe
1925DeemingJames McCoyC. B. DaileyC. B. Dailey
1924Princess DoreenHarry StuttsS. Miller HendersonAudley Farm Stable
1923UntidyJohn CorcoranScott P. HarlanHelen Hay Whitney
1922StartleDanny ConnellyJ. I. SmithH. H. Hewitt
1921Nancy LeeLinus McAteeJohn H. McCormackP. A. Clark
1920LorraineDanny ConnellyJ. C. MilamJohnson N. Camden, Jr.
1919Lillian ShawT. MurrayJohn H. McCormackJ. R. Livingston
1918Viva AmericaW. WarringtonW. N. PottsC. T. Worthington
1917SunbonnetJohnny LoftusWalter B. JenningsA. Kingsley Macomber
1916KathleenRoscoe GoosePete CoyneGeorge J. Long
1915WaterblossomE. MartinGeorge DennyThomas McDowell
1914BronzewingW. ObertD. LehanA. P. Humphrey
1913CreamCarl GanzA. BakerC. C. Van Meter
1912FlammaJames ButwellJ. DuffyE. F. Condran
1911Bettie SueTed RiceD. HuestisA. Brown
1910SamariaRichard ScovilleW. McDanielJ. P. Ross and Co.
1909FlorealHeidelW. H. FizerW. H. Fizer
1908Ellen-a-DaleVincent PowersGeorge DennyThomas McDowell
1907Wing TingJ. LeeJ. S. HawkinsJ. S. Hawkins
1906King's DaughterE. RobinsonThomas McDowellThomas McDowell
1905JanetaD. AustinR. L. RogersCassin and Rogers
1904AudienceAlmer HelgesenK. PattersonSam S. Brown
1903LemcoJohn ReiffFrank KellyEdward Corrigan
1902WainamoinenM. CoburnH. J. TalbotTalbot Bros.
1901Lady SchorrJ. WoodsJohn F. SchorrJohn W. Schorr
1900EttaMonk OvertonEdward D. BrownEd Brown and Co.
1899RushJ. HillThomas McDowellThomas McDowell
1898CrocketJ. HillL. CahnJ. C. Cahn
1897White FrostThomas H. BurnsL. C. DavisE. S. Gardner and Son
1896C. ThorpeJ. HealyJ. M. Murphy
1895VoladoraAlonzo ClaytonNot foundPastime Stable
1894SelikaAlonzo ClaytonJohn H. MorrisBashford Manor Stable
1893MonroviaJ. ReaganEdward D. BrownEdward D. Brown
1892Miss DixieH. RayM. DanaherCol. J. E. Pepper
1891Miss HawkinsT. BrittonH. J. TalbotTalbot Bros.
1890English LadyHollisNot foundScoggan Bros.
1889Jewel BanJohn StovalW. ClayJohn T. Clay
1888Ten PennyAndrew McCarthy, Jr.Not foundM. Welsh
1887FlorimoreJohnstonD. W. KellyT. H. Stevens
1886Pure RyeEdward GarrisonNot foundMelbourne Stable
1885Lizzie DwyerFullerJohn W. RogersEdward Corrigan
1884ModestyIsaac MurphyJohn W. RogersEdward Corrigan
1883VeraJohn StovalJ. PateR. C. Pate
1882Katie CreelJohn StovalC. A. JohnsonJohnson and Co.
1881Lucy MayWolfeNot foundR. F. Johnson
1880LongitudeJim McLaughlinNot foundJ. G. Malone
1879LiahtunahHightowerNot foundJ. A. Grinstead
1878Belle of NelsonBoothNot foundMattingly and Co.
1877FeliciaW. JamesNot foundJ. W. Reynolds
1876Necy HaleW. JamesNot foundF. B. Harper
1875VinaigretteJ. HoustonNot foundA. B. Lewis and Co.